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Michigan is now a full-service sports betting state! Michiganders and visitors to the state can place sports bets on their mobile devices, their computers, and several different retail locations around both mdjsjeux bettingadvice. The online launch in January marked the endpoint of a process that began in December Governor Gretchen Whitmer signed into law two bills, S and Hwhich legalized sports betting both online and in casinos. Incidentally, the two bills also legalized internet poker, online casino games and online fantasy sports. In short, Michigan is quite the destination for placing a bet now.

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Plugs are non-interchangeable between current ratings. BS "13 A plugs, socket-outlets, adaptors and connection units" [20] is the main plug and socket type used in the United Kingdom. According to the IEC [11] it is also used in over 50 countries worldwide. This plug has three rectangular pins forming an isosceles triangle.

The BS plug has a fuse rated to protect the appliance and its flexible cord from overload and consequent fire risk. Modern appliances may only be sold with a fuse of the appropriate size pre-installed. The United Kingdom, Ireland, and Malta, use the BS two-pin plug and socket for electric shavers and toothbrushes.

Although similar to the Europlug Type C, the diameter and spacing of the pins are slightly different and hence it will not fit into a Schuko socket. There are, however, two-pin sockets and adaptors which will accept both BS and Europlugs. It was last updated by Modification 4 in March CE marking is neither applicable nor permitted on plugs and sockets.

Because they have no earth connections they have been or are being phased out in most countries. Some countries still permit their use in dry areas. Older sockets are so shallow that it is possible to accidentally touch the live pins of a plug. The socket has a circular recess with two round holes and two earthing clips that engage before live pin contact is made. The pins are 4.

The Schuko system is unpolarised, allowing line and neutral to be reversed. The standard is used in Germany and several other European countries and on other continents. Some countries require child-proof socket shutters; the DIN standard does not have this requirement.

The socket has a circular recess with two round holes. The round earth pin projecting from the socket connects before the energized contacts touch. The plug has two round pins measuring 4. This standard is also used in Belgium, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and some other countries. This plug can be inserted into a Danish Type K socket, but the earth contact will not connect. There are two variants.

This alternative is seldom used. The Europlug is not rewirable and must be supplied with a flexible cord. It can be inserted in either direction, so line and neutral are connected arbitrarily. To improve contact with socket parts the Europlug has slightly flexible pins which converge toward their free ends. There is no socket defined to accept only the Europlug.

Instead, the Europlug fits a range of sockets in common use in Europe. UK shaver sockets are designed to accept BS shaver plugs while also accepting Europlugs. It has two round pins measuring 4. Many 3 pin sockets in China include a physical lockout preventing access to the active and neutral terminals unless an earth pin which is slightly longer than the other 2 pins is entered first.

Type I plugs and sockets from different countries have different pin lengths. This means that the uninsulated pins of a Chinese plug may become live while there is still a large enough gap between the faces of the plug and socket to allow a finger to touch the pin. The Danish standard provides for sockets to have child-resistant shutters. A variation standard DK a of the Danish plug is for use only on surge protected computer sockets. It fits into the corresponding computer socket and the normal socket, but normal plugs deliberately don't fit into the special computer socket.

The plug is often used in companies, but rarely in private homes. There is a variation for hospital equipment with a rectangular left pin, which is used for life support equipment. Today, sockets without switch are allowed, but then it is a requirement that the sockets have a cavity to prevent touching the live pins. Since the early s earthed sockets have been required in all new electric installations in Denmark. In , the International Electrotechnical Commission published IEC , a specification for a plug and socket that look similar, but are not identical, to the Swiss plug and socket.

This standard was intended to one day become common for all of Europe and other regions with V mains, but the effort to adopt it as a European Union standard was put on hold in the mids. The earth pin is offset 3. The line pin is on the left when looking at a socket with the earth pin offset down. Shutters over the line and neutral pins are mandatory. There are two versions: an older one with flat pins, and a newer one with round pins.

In the standard was revised, with three round 4. SI 32 plugs have no sleeve insulation, so when a plug is partially removed its prongs may still be powered although they can be touched by small fingers, metal objects, etc. Sockets have a defined polarity; looking at the front, neutral is to the left, earth at the bottom, and line to the right. This plug is also commonly used in Chile and Uruguay. The electricity on the two supplies was separately metered, was sold at different tariffs, was taxed differently and was supplied through separate and different sockets.

Numerous cross adaptors were used. The current Italian standards provide for sockets to have child-resistant shutters "Sicury" patent. In modern installations in Italy and in other countries where Type L plugs are used it is usual to find sockets that can accept more than one standard.

Vimar brand claims to have patented this socket first in [38] with their Bpresa model; however soon other brands started selling similar products, mostly naming them with the generic term presa bipasso twin-gauge socket that is now of common use. Other types may push compatibility even further.

The devices are named using the format NEMA n-mmX, where n is an identifier for the configuration of pins and blades, mm is the maximum current rating, and X is either P for plug or R for receptacle. Corresponding P and R versions are designed to be mated. Within the series, the arrangement and size of pins will differ, to prevent accidental mating of devices with a higher current draw than the receptacle can support. NEMA-1 plugs have two parallel blades and are rated 15 A at volts.

They provide no ground connection but will fit a grounding NEMA receptacle. Early versions were not polarised, but most plugs are polarised today via a wider neutral blade. Unpolarised AC adaptors are a common exception. Harvey Hubbell patented a parallel blade plug in , where the blades were equal width US patent [39].

In Hubbell received a further patent for a polarised version where one blade was both longer and wider than the other US patent [40] , in the polarised version of NEMA both blades are the same length, only the width varies. Ungrounded NEMA-1 outlets are not permitted in new construction in the United States and Canada , but can still be found in older buildings.

The ground pin is longer than the line and neutral blades, so the device is grounded before the power is connected. Both current-carrying blades on grounding plugs are normally narrow, since the ground pin enforces polarity. The National Electrical Contractors Association 's National Electrical Installation Standards NECA recommends that sockets are mounted with the ground hole up so that a falling object makes first contact with the ground pin.

In many areas, tamper-resistant sockets are now required in new residential construction, with shutters to prevent contact by objects inserted into the socket. The Japanese system incorporates stricter dimensional requirements for the plug housing, different marking requirements, and mandatory testing and approval by METI or JIS.

Older Japanese sockets and multi-plug adaptors are unpolarised — the slots in the sockets are the same size — and will accept only unpolarised plugs. Japanese plugs generally fit into most North American sockets without modification, but polarised North American plugs may require adaptors or replacement non-polarised plugs to connect to older Japanese sockets.

Since , new Japanese homes are required to have class I grounded sockets for connecting domestic appliances. This rule does not apply for sockets not intended to be used for domestic appliances, but it is strongly advised to have class I sockets throughout the home. This Soviet plug, still sometimes used in the region, has pin dimensions and spacing equal to the Europlug, but lacks the insulation sleeves.

The round base has no notches. The pins are parallel and do not converge. The body is made of fire-resistant thermoset plastic. Originally the plugs had a round base. Soviet shaver power cord. Sockets will accept plugs with the same or fewer pins and the same or lower ratings. As of 1 January , imports into Switzerland of Type 11 and Type 12 plugs are only permitted with partially insulated plug pins.

After the year , only sockets type 13 with a recessed socket hole may be brought onto the market. The type 12 socket has no recess, while the type 13 socket is recessed. Both sockets will accept type 11 and type 12 plugs, and also the 2. Unique to Switzerland is a three-phase power socket compatible with single-phase plugs: [50].

The type 15 plug has three round pins, of the same dimensions as type 12, plus two smaller flat rectangular pins for two additional power phases. The type 15 socket is recessed, and has five openings three round and two flat rectangular. It will accept plugs of types 11, 12, 15 and the Europlug. The type 25 plug has three rectangular pins of the same dimensions as type 23, plus two rectangular pins of the same dimensions as type The corresponding type 25 socket is recessed and will accept plugs of types 11, 12, 15, 21, 23, 25 and the Europlug.

Non-conforming products must be withdrawn from the Swiss market before the end of The plug has two round power pins 4. The hybrid socket is also defined in TIS , in addition to a plain three-round-pin socket, with plans to replace the former and phase out support for NEMA-compatible plugs. Sockets are polarised as in NEMA Adapters between standards are not included in the standards, and as a result they have no formal quality criteria defined.

Physical compatibility does not ensure that the appliance and socket match in frequency or voltage. Adaptors allow travellers to connect devices to foreign sockets, but do not change voltage or frequency. A voltage converter is required for electrical compatibility in places with a different voltage than the device is designed for.

Mismatch in frequency between supply and appliances may still cause problems even at the correct voltage. Multisocket adaptors allow the connection of two or more plugs to a single socket. They are manufactured in various configurations, depending on the country and the region in which they are used, with various ratings. In Europe for example, they are called double or triple adaptors, and transform one socket into a multiple socket.

This allows connecting more than one electrical consumer item to one single socket and is mainly used for low power devices TV sets, table lamps, computers, etc. Some people overload them, thus leading to accidents. In some countries these adaptors are banned and are not available in shops, as they may lead to fires due to overloading them. Adaptors can be made with ceramic, Bakelite, or other plastic bodies. A lampholder plug fits into a light socket in place of a light bulb to connect appliances to lighting circuits.

Where a lower rate was applied to electric power used for lighting circuits, lampholder plugs enabled the consumers to reduce their electricity costs. Lampholder plugs are rarely fused. Some appliances sold in the Soviet Union had a flat unearthed plug with an additional pass-through socket on the top, allowing a stacked arrangement of plugs. The adaptors were mostly used for low power appliances for example, connecting both a table lamp and a radio to a socket.

Power was supplied by the public V DC mains which remained available in addition to the V AC mains until circa , and thereafter from in-house rectifiers. They were also used in the Ministry of Defence Main Building on circuits powered from the standby generators to stop staff from plugging in unauthorised devices. They were also known to be used in some British Rail offices for the same reason. The contacts are positioned on both sides of the plug; the plug is energised only when it is inserted fully into the socket.

Appliances were never sold fitted with these security plugs, and the use of adaptors would defeat the safety features, so the supplied plugs had to be cut off and replaced with the security connector. Even so, the Magic security system had some success at first because its enhanced safety features appealed to customers; standard connectors of the day were considered not safe enough. In Italy, the system was never definitively abandoned. This allows delicate electronics equipment to be connected to an independent circuit breaker, usually including a surge protector or an uninterruptible power supply backup.

The different style of plug makes it more difficult for office workers to connect computer equipment to a standard unprotected power line, or to overload the UPS by connecting other office appliances. In Iceland, Magic plugs were widely used in homes and businesses alongside Europlug and Schuko installations. Their installation in new homes was still quite common even in the late s.

The plugs and sockets used to power electric stoves from a single-phase line have to be rated for greater current values than those used with three-phase supply because all the power has to be transferred through two contacts, not three. If not hardwired to the supply, electric stoves may be connected to the mains with an appropriate high power connector. Some countries do not have wiring regulations for single-phase electric stoves. In Norway and parts of Sweden a 25 A grounded connector, rectangular shaped with rounded corners, is used for single phase stoves.

The connector has three rectangular pins in a row, with the grounding pin longer than other two. The corresponding socket is recessed to prevent shocks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about mains power connection devices used in domestic and light commercial environments. For other types, see Industrial and multiphase power plugs and sockets. Plugs and sockets may sometimes combine male and female contacts.

Typically no energy is supplied to any exposed pins or terminals on the socket, for safety. Main article: History of AC power plugs and sockets. Main article: Electrical polarity. Chinese dual socket accepting both unearthed 2-pin upper and earthed 3-pin lower plugs. Main article: AC power plugs and sockets: British and related types. Further information: Schuko. Further information: Europlug. Further information: IEC Main article: NEMA connector. Polarised left and unpolarised NEMA plugs.

NEMA plug, left. Ordinary duplex socket, with orientation typically found, right. Main article: SN Most common household plugs have an associated letter. Left: Bticino Magic Security socket, detail. Centre: assortment of Magic Security sockets in orange, the industrial three-phase type. Right: assortment of Magic Security plugs. Left: plug and socket. Center: Socket. Right: Plug. Electronics portal. DC connector IEC high-power industrial and polyphase connectors IEC appliance connectors Industrial and multiphase power plugs and sockets Mains electricity Mains electricity by country lists voltage, frequency, and connector types for over countries Plug load Polyphase system Stage pin connector.

Donegan, Creative Homeowner Press, , p.

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These may include plugs with insulated sleeves, recessed sockets, or automatic shutters to block socket apertures when a plug is removed. A socket may be surrounded by a decorative or protective cover [1] which may be integral with the socket. Single-phase sockets have two current-carrying connections to the power supply circuit, and may also have a third pin for a safety connection to earth ground.

Depending on the supply system, one or both current-carrying connections may have significant voltage to earth ground. When commercial electric power was first introduced in the s, it was used primarily for lighting. Other portable appliances such as vacuum cleaners, electric fans, smoothing irons, and curling-tong heaters were connected to light-bulb sockets. As early as a two-pin plug and wall socket format was available on the British market.

By about the first three-pin earthed grounded plugs appeared. Over time other safety improvements were gradually introduced to the market. The earliest national standard for plug and wall socket forms was set in Designs of plugs and sockets have gradually developed to reduce the risk of electric shock and fire. Plugs are shaped to prevent finger contact with live parts, and sockets may be recessed.

Some types can also include fuses and switches. Shutters on the socket prevents foreign objects from contacting live contacts. The first shuttered socket was introduced by British manufacturer Crompton, in Electrical insulation of the pin shanks to reduce live contact exposure was added to some designs, as early as A third contact for a connection to earth is intended to protect against insulation failure of the connected device. Some early unearthed plug and socket types were revised to include an earthing pin or phased out in favour of earthed types.

The plug is often designed so that the earth ground contact connects before the energized circuit contacts. The assigned IEC appliance class is governed by the requirement for earthing or equivalent protection. Class I equipment requires an earth contact in the plug and socket, while Class II equipment is unearthed and protects the user with double insulation. Where a "neutral" conductor exists in supply wiring, polarisation of the plug can improve safety by preserving the distinction in the equipment.

For example, appliances may ensure that switches interrupt the line side of the circuit, or can connect the shell of a screw-base lampholder to neutral to reduce electric shock hazard. In some designs, polarised plugs cannot be mated with non-polarised sockets. Wiring systems where both circuit conductors have a significant potential with respect to earth, do not benefit from polarised plugs.

In some jurisdictions, they violate safety standards for sockets. Safety advocates, the United States Army, [5] and a manufacturer of sockets [6] point out a number of safety issues with universal socket and adapters, including voltage mismatch, exposure of live pins, lack of proper earth ground connection, or lack of protection from overload or short circuit.

Universal sockets may not meet technical standards for durability, plug retention force, temperature rise of components, or other performance requirements, as they are outside the scope of national and international technical standards. A technical standard may include compatibility of a socket with more than one form of plug. Chinese dual sockets have both an unearthed socket complying with figure 5 of GB both flat pin and 4. A so-called "universal socket", which meets no official standard [7] but is intended to accept a number of different plug types.

An earthed Thai socket that appears to comply with figure 4 of TIS Plugs and power cords have a rated voltage and current assigned to them by the manufacturer. Using a plug or power cord that is inappropriate for the load may be a safety hazard. For example, high-current equipment can cause a fire when plugged into an extension cord with a current rating lower than necessary.

So that manufacturers need not build many similar appliances differing only in the type of plug fitted, a common strategy is to provide an IEC inlet on the appliance and a detachable power cord mains flex lead and appropriate plug. The appliance need only to be tested to the power inlet. Some appliances have a switch for selection of voltage. Extension cords extension leads are used for temporary connections when a socket is not within convenient reach of an appliance's power lead.

A power strip with multiple sockets may also have a switch, surge voltage protection, or over-current protection. Special purpose sockets may be found in residential, industrial, commercial or institutional buildings. Examples of systems using special purpose sockets include:. Special-purpose sockets may be labelled or coloured to identify a reserved use of a system, or may have keys or specially shaped pins to prevent use of unintended equipment.

National wiring regulations sometimes prohibit the use of sockets adjacent to water taps, etc. A special socket, with an isolation transformer , may allow electric razors to be used near a sink. Because the isolation transformer is of low rating, such outlets are not suitable to operate higher-powered appliances such as blow dryers. This provides the full capacity of a standard receptacle but protects the user of a razor or other appliance from leakage current.

The International Electrotechnical Commission IEC maintains a guide with letter designations for generally compatible types of plugs, [11] which expands on earlier guides published by the United States Department of Commerce. This is a de facto naming standard and guide to travellers.

Some letter types correspond to several current ratings or different technical standards, so the letter does not uniquely identify a plug and socket within the type family, nor guarantee compatibility. Physical compatibility of the plug and socket does not ensure correct voltage, frequency, or current capacity.

Not all plug and socket families have letters in the IEC guide, but those that have are noted in this article, as are some additional letters commonly used by retail vendors. The flat pins for the 10 A version measure 6. The pin length is the same as in the Chinese version. The earthing pin length is On the plugs, the pole length is The most important difference from the Australian plug is that the Argentinian plug is wired with the line and neutral contacts reversed.

In Brazil, similar plugs and sockets are still commonly used in old installations for high-power appliances like air conditioners, dishwashers, and household ovens. Although being often called "Argentinian plug," it is actually based on the American NEMA standard, and is incompatible [ how?

It defines a plug with an earthing pin, and two flat current-carrying pins which form an inverted V-shape. Australian and New Zealand wall sockets locally often referred to as power points almost always have switches on them for extra safety, as in the UK. An unearthed version of this plug with two angled power pins but no earthing pin is used with double-insulated appliances, but the sockets always include an earth contact. These sockets accept plugs of equal or lower current rating, but not higher.

In Australia these piggy-back plugs are now available only on pre-made extension leads. The requirement for insulated pins was introduced in the revision. NBR does not require shutters on the apertures, a further aspect of non-compliance with IEC NBR was not enforced in that country until , when its adoption was made optional for manufacturers.

It became compulsory on 1 January Few private houses in Brazil have an earthed supply, so even if a three-pin socket is present it is not safe to assume that all three terminals are actually connected. Most large domestic appliances were sold with the option to fit a flying earth tail to be locally earthed, but many consumers were unsure how to use this and so didn't connect it.

The new standard has an earth pin, which in theory eliminates the need for the flying earth tail. The plugs have three round pins arranged in a triangle, with the larger top pin being the earthing pin. The plugs are polarised and unfused. Plugs are non-interchangeable between current ratings. BS "13 A plugs, socket-outlets, adaptors and connection units" [20] is the main plug and socket type used in the United Kingdom. According to the IEC [11] it is also used in over 50 countries worldwide.

This plug has three rectangular pins forming an isosceles triangle. The BS plug has a fuse rated to protect the appliance and its flexible cord from overload and consequent fire risk. Modern appliances may only be sold with a fuse of the appropriate size pre-installed. The United Kingdom, Ireland, and Malta, use the BS two-pin plug and socket for electric shavers and toothbrushes.

Although similar to the Europlug Type C, the diameter and spacing of the pins are slightly different and hence it will not fit into a Schuko socket. There are, however, two-pin sockets and adaptors which will accept both BS and Europlugs. It was last updated by Modification 4 in March CE marking is neither applicable nor permitted on plugs and sockets. Because they have no earth connections they have been or are being phased out in most countries. Some countries still permit their use in dry areas.

Older sockets are so shallow that it is possible to accidentally touch the live pins of a plug. The socket has a circular recess with two round holes and two earthing clips that engage before live pin contact is made. The pins are 4. The Schuko system is unpolarised, allowing line and neutral to be reversed. The standard is used in Germany and several other European countries and on other continents. Some countries require child-proof socket shutters; the DIN standard does not have this requirement.

The socket has a circular recess with two round holes. The round earth pin projecting from the socket connects before the energized contacts touch. The plug has two round pins measuring 4. This standard is also used in Belgium, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and some other countries.

This plug can be inserted into a Danish Type K socket, but the earth contact will not connect. There are two variants. This alternative is seldom used. The Europlug is not rewirable and must be supplied with a flexible cord. It can be inserted in either direction, so line and neutral are connected arbitrarily. To improve contact with socket parts the Europlug has slightly flexible pins which converge toward their free ends.

There is no socket defined to accept only the Europlug. Instead, the Europlug fits a range of sockets in common use in Europe. UK shaver sockets are designed to accept BS shaver plugs while also accepting Europlugs. It has two round pins measuring 4. Many 3 pin sockets in China include a physical lockout preventing access to the active and neutral terminals unless an earth pin which is slightly longer than the other 2 pins is entered first.

Type I plugs and sockets from different countries have different pin lengths. This means that the uninsulated pins of a Chinese plug may become live while there is still a large enough gap between the faces of the plug and socket to allow a finger to touch the pin. The Danish standard provides for sockets to have child-resistant shutters.

A variation standard DK a of the Danish plug is for use only on surge protected computer sockets. It fits into the corresponding computer socket and the normal socket, but normal plugs deliberately don't fit into the special computer socket.

The plug is often used in companies, but rarely in private homes. There is a variation for hospital equipment with a rectangular left pin, which is used for life support equipment. Today, sockets without switch are allowed, but then it is a requirement that the sockets have a cavity to prevent touching the live pins.

Since the early s earthed sockets have been required in all new electric installations in Denmark. In , the International Electrotechnical Commission published IEC , a specification for a plug and socket that look similar, but are not identical, to the Swiss plug and socket. This standard was intended to one day become common for all of Europe and other regions with V mains, but the effort to adopt it as a European Union standard was put on hold in the mids.

The earth pin is offset 3. The line pin is on the left when looking at a socket with the earth pin offset down. Shutters over the line and neutral pins are mandatory. There are two versions: an older one with flat pins, and a newer one with round pins. In the standard was revised, with three round 4. SI 32 plugs have no sleeve insulation, so when a plug is partially removed its prongs may still be powered although they can be touched by small fingers, metal objects, etc.

Sockets have a defined polarity; looking at the front, neutral is to the left, earth at the bottom, and line to the right. This plug is also commonly used in Chile and Uruguay. The electricity on the two supplies was separately metered, was sold at different tariffs, was taxed differently and was supplied through separate and different sockets.

Numerous cross adaptors were used. The current Italian standards provide for sockets to have child-resistant shutters "Sicury" patent. In modern installations in Italy and in other countries where Type L plugs are used it is usual to find sockets that can accept more than one standard. Vimar brand claims to have patented this socket first in [38] with their Bpresa model; however soon other brands started selling similar products, mostly naming them with the generic term presa bipasso twin-gauge socket that is now of common use.

Other types may push compatibility even further. The devices are named using the format NEMA n-mmX, where n is an identifier for the configuration of pins and blades, mm is the maximum current rating, and X is either P for plug or R for receptacle.

Corresponding P and R versions are designed to be mated. Within the series, the arrangement and size of pins will differ, to prevent accidental mating of devices with a higher current draw than the receptacle can support. NEMA-1 plugs have two parallel blades and are rated 15 A at volts.

They provide no ground connection but will fit a grounding NEMA receptacle. Early versions were not polarised, but most plugs are polarised today via a wider neutral blade. Unpolarised AC adaptors are a common exception. Harvey Hubbell patented a parallel blade plug in , where the blades were equal width US patent [39]. In Hubbell received a further patent for a polarised version where one blade was both longer and wider than the other US patent [40] , in the polarised version of NEMA both blades are the same length, only the width varies.

Ungrounded NEMA-1 outlets are not permitted in new construction in the United States and Canada , but can still be found in older buildings. The ground pin is longer than the line and neutral blades, so the device is grounded before the power is connected. Both current-carrying blades on grounding plugs are normally narrow, since the ground pin enforces polarity. The National Electrical Contractors Association 's National Electrical Installation Standards NECA recommends that sockets are mounted with the ground hole up so that a falling object makes first contact with the ground pin.

In many areas, tamper-resistant sockets are now required in new residential construction, with shutters to prevent contact by objects inserted into the socket. The Japanese system incorporates stricter dimensional requirements for the plug housing, different marking requirements, and mandatory testing and approval by METI or JIS.

Older Japanese sockets and multi-plug adaptors are unpolarised — the slots in the sockets are the same size — and will accept only unpolarised plugs. Japanese plugs generally fit into most North American sockets without modification, but polarised North American plugs may require adaptors or replacement non-polarised plugs to connect to older Japanese sockets. Since , new Japanese homes are required to have class I grounded sockets for connecting domestic appliances.

This rule does not apply for sockets not intended to be used for domestic appliances, but it is strongly advised to have class I sockets throughout the home. This Soviet plug, still sometimes used in the region, has pin dimensions and spacing equal to the Europlug, but lacks the insulation sleeves.

The round base has no notches. The pins are parallel and do not converge. The body is made of fire-resistant thermoset plastic. Originally the plugs had a round base. Soviet shaver power cord. Sockets will accept plugs with the same or fewer pins and the same or lower ratings.

As of 1 January , imports into Switzerland of Type 11 and Type 12 plugs are only permitted with partially insulated plug pins. After the year , only sockets type 13 with a recessed socket hole may be brought onto the market. The type 12 socket has no recess, while the type 13 socket is recessed. Root vegetable. Sunflower lecithin. Vitamin E. Modified starch. Coconut oil. Shea butter. Milk powder. Sunflower oil. Retinyl palmitate. Buttermilk powder. Skimmed milk powder. Palm fat.

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