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The competition reverted to the Tri Nations' original home-and-away format, but now involving four teams. In World Cup years, an abbreviated tournament is held in which each team plays the others only once. Rugby union was played at the Olympic Games in , , and In , France won the gold, beating Great Britain 27 points to 8 and defeating Germany 27 points to In , the United States again defeated France 17 to 3, becoming the only team to win gold twice in the sport.
In the International Olympic Committee voted with a majority of 81 to 8 that rugby union be reinstated as an Olympic sport in at least the and games, but in the sevens, 4-day tournament format. In the and editions of the games, both the usual fifteen-a-side variety and rugby sevens were played, but from onwards, only rugby sevens was retained. In , the women's rugby sevens event was introduced.
The event is likely to remain a permanent fixture of the Asian Games due to elevation of rugby sevens as an Olympic sport from the Olympics onwards. The present gold medal holders in the sevens tournament, held in , are Japan in the men's event and China in the women's. Women's international rugby union began in , with a match between France and the Netherlands played in Utrecht. The New Zealand Women's team then won four straight World Cups , , ,  before England won in Following the event, World Rugby moved the next edition of the event to , with a new four-year cycle from that point forward.
As well as the Women's Rugby World Cup there are also other regular tournaments, including a Six Nations , run in parallel to the men's competition. The Women's Six Nations, first played in has been dominated by England, who have won the tournament on 14 occasions, including a run of seven consecutive wins from to However, since then, England have won only in ; reigning champion France have won in each even-numbered year , , whilst Ireland won in and Rugby union has been professionalised since The following table shows professional and semi-professional rugby union competitions.
Rugby union has spawned several variants of the full-contact, a-side game. The two most common differences in adapted versions are fewer players and reduced player contact. The oldest variant is rugby sevens sometimes 7s or VIIs , a fast-paced game which originated in Melrose , Scotland in In rugby sevens, there are only seven players per side, and each half is normally seven minutes. Major tournaments include the Hong Kong Sevens and Dubai Sevens , both held in areas not normally associated with the highest levels of the a-side game.
A more recent variant of the sport is rugby tens 10s or Xs , a Malaysian invention with ten players per side. Touch rugby , in which "tackles" are made by simply touching the ball carrier with two hands, is popular both as a training game and more formally as a mixed sex version of the sport played by both children and adults. Several variants have been created to introduce the sport to children with a less physical contact.
Tag Rugby is a version in which the players wear a belt with two tags attached by velcro, the removal of either counting as a 'tackle'. Tag Rugby also varies in that kicking the ball is not allowed. Other less formal variants include beach rugby and snow rugby. Rugby league was formed after the Northern Union broke from the Rugby Football Union in a disagreement over payment to players. It went on to change its laws and became a football code in its own right.
The two sports continue to influence each other to this day. American football   and Canadian football  are derived from early forms of rugby football. Australian rules football was influenced by rugby football and other games originating in English public schools. James Naismith took aspects of many sports including rugby to invent basketball. Naismith played rugby at McGill University. Swedish football was a code whose rules were a mix of Association and Rugby football rules.
Rugby lends its name to wheelchair rugby , a full-contact sport which contains elements of rugby such as crossing a try line with the ball to score. According to a report by the Centre for the International Business of Sport, over four and a half million people play rugby union or one of its variants organised by the IRB.
It recorded a total of 6. The most capped international player from the tier 1 nations is former New Zealand openside flanker and captain Richie McCaw who has played in internationals. In , the All Blacks of New Zealand set the new record 18 consecutive test wins among tier 1 rugby nations, bettering their previous consecutive run of The record attendance for a rugby union game was set on 15 July in which New Zealand defeated Australia 39—35 in a Bledisloe Cup game at Stadium Australia in Sydney before , fans.
Thomas Hughes novel Tom Brown's Schooldays , set at Rugby School , includes a rugby football match, also portrayed in the s film of the same name. Henri Rousseau 's work Joueurs de football shows two pairs of rugby players competing. Invictus , based on John Carlin 's book Playing the Enemy , explores the events of the Rugby World Cup and Nelson Mandela's attempt to use the sport to connect South Africa's people post- apartheid.
In public art and sculpture there are many works dedicated to the sport. There is a 27 feet 8. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team sport, code of rugby football. For a more detailed explanation of how rugby union is played, see Rugby union gameplay. Not to be confused with Rugby league. Main article: History of rugby union. Main article: Rugby union positions. Main articles: Rugby union laws and Rugby union gameplay. Main article: Line-out rugby union.
Main article: Scrum rugby union. Main articles: Rugby union match officials and Laws of rugby union. Main article: Rugby union equipment. See also: World Rugby and Timeline of foundation of national rugby unions. Member Union. Associated Union. See also: List of rugby union playing countries. See also: Rugby Americas North. Main article: Rugby union in Asia. Main article: Women's rugby union. Further information: List of rugby union competitions.
Main article: Women's international rugby union. It dropped to eight when one of Sydney's three original sides was removed after the season. The league returned to nine teams with the arrival of the Fijian Drua in , but reverted to eight when a second Sydney side was removed after the season.
See also: History of American football , Comparison of American football and rugby union , Origins of Australian rules football , Comparison of rugby league and rugby union , History of rugby league , and Rugby football. See also: List of top rugby union players by international caps and List of top scoring international rugby union players. Sports portal. This document, titled ' countries Some unions only report their registered players, i.
Other unions, such as England's Rugby Football Union , also report people taking part in outreach and educational programs, or unregistered players. In the figures reported by the RFU they reported 1,, people playing rugby in England, including 1,, under 13s, , teens and , seniors. Some of those recorded would have experienced rugby via educational visits to schools, playing tag or touch rugby, rather than playing regularly for a club. The figures released in give an overall figure of those playing rugby union, or one of its variants, as 6,,, but also reports that of that total, 3.
In addition, the song's pregame use did not become customary until the s. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 27 February National Post. Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 8 March S Rugby Scholarships - U. S Sports Scholarships". International Rugby Board. Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 14 September Series F.
Episode 3. BBC One. Retrieved 20 September BBC News. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 6 February Archived from the original on 12 May Retrieved 12 November Five Epochs of Civilization: Chapter 7 Retrieved 26 September Rugby Football History. Retrieved 22 March The British and irish Lions. Archived from the original on 7 June Retrieved 13 August Forerunners of the All Blacks.
Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 24 August New Zealand History Online. Retrieved 6 October The result of the very first match against Devon was regarded as a foregone conclusion by most British followers. BBC Cymru Wales history. BBC Cymru Wales. Retrieved 3 December Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 10 August Retrieved 18 August The New York Times. Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 28 September The Independent.
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Rugby Coaching. Retrieved 30 September The Scotsman. Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 16 August London: Diagram Group. Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 26 April Archived from the original on 9 February BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 March Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 4 June Archived from the original on 22 September Archived from the original on 3 September Archived from the original on 12 September Archived from the original on 12 December Archived from the original on 18 May Archived from the original on 18 September Archived from the original on 2 September Archived from the original on 13 January Archived from the original on 16 October Archived from the original on 27 April Archived from the original on 4 October Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 17 August The Guardian.
Retrieved 24 December Previous injury experience of a rugby-playing cohort". British Journal of Sports Medicine. British Medical Journal. New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. Archived from the original PDF on 28 September The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 28 September Archived from the original on 15 September French Rugby Football.
Oxford: Berg. Retrieved 7 February Archived from the original on 11 June Retrieved 19 August Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 13 November Archived from the original on 3 March Cardiff Rugby Club, History and Statistics — Risca: The Starling Press. Boxscore World Sportswire. Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 5 August Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 9 March Rugby World.
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Retrieved 17 September Archived from the original on 23 December Retrieved 30 March The Courier-Mail. Archived from the original on 19 September Archived from the original PDF on 2 March The Complete Book of Mini Rugby. London: Partridge. Archived from the original on 17 August Archived from the original on 26 July Encyclopedia Canadiana. Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal: Grolier of Canada. In Wagg, Stephen ed. Myths and Milestones in the History of Sport. Palgrave Macmillan. Black Inc.
Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 18 September Archived from the original on 14 September Lund: Historiska media. Archived from the original on 14 August Ordinary punters having a bit of fun to go along with watching their sport provides plenty of cover. But now that sport has almost without exception gone away, the spotlight shines brighter than ever on those parts of the industry that can still make a crust. On Friday morning, Flutter , the parent group that owns Paddy Power-Betfair, announced that overall group revenue for the first three months of the year rose by 16 per cent.
To be able to do so at a time of a global cessation of sport is a fairly awesome demonstration of how nimble the major betting companies can be when it comes to making money. Flutter have been able to absorb a 57 per cent drop in sports betting revenue partly because of a staggering per cent rise in their American gaming platforms in the first quarter of That may change the longer the crisis goes on.
For now, the bigger companies are muddling through. There are markets on teams of Far Eastern kids facing off in battle games like League of Legends and Dota. Lower down the food chain, the picture for the smaller chains and independents is understandably a lot bleaker. The remaining are either wholly independent or part of smaller chains like Bar One and Tully.
While the bigger beasts can survive by pushing customers towards online casino, poker, roulette and so on, the small-town local bookmaker is starving for sport. There will be a marked decline in consumer spend anyway so all small business will suffer to some extent.
The biggest concern is rent. I have so many members ringing me in huge distress over landlords. For those firms with an online presence, the past month has been about casting around for sports on which to offer up markets. Bar One are down to a skeleton staff across the country, with a handful of operators keeping the website going and a few more manning the phones. In all honesty, I would have never even have noticed it before. You would have found it on our site, from our third-party providers.
We would use companies like Bet Radar. So that has been pushed to the top of our site and we are taking money on them. People follow along on Livescore. The one bit of good news they cling to is the fact that horse racing is likely to return quicker than most sports, thereby providing some measure of bread and butter. Among the general public, the desperate, the bored and the addicted will always find a way.
All they need is a laptop with a split-screen, glitchy footage of a couple of dartboards and the thunk-thunk-thunk of faceless throwers keeping the whole show rolling. Monday — Sunday, February 8th — 14th. See a sample. Latest news from the world of sport, along with the best in opinion from our outstanding team of sports writers.
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You have three options for a straight-up bet: Pick either team to win or choose the tie. The Italian team would need to win by one or more points to cover. The German squad would need to win outright or not lose by more than one goal. The numbers in brackets are the actual odds. The sportsbook sets the totals prior to the game. You have to decide whether the pooled number of goals is going to be more or less than what the oddsmakers are predicting.
If you decide to bet the OVER, you would three or more combined goals to be scored for you to collect on your bet. On the other hand, if you decide to wager on the UNDER, you need the collective score to be two or less to cash in. You can choose from American , Decimal 1. Usually, people from the UK gravitate towards fractions, residents of Europe and Australia are more likely to use decimals, and North Americans tend to stick with their namesake odds.
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